US-UK Trade in a Post-Brexit World

Now that Brexit is finalized, many are wondering what this means for trade between the United States and the United Kingdom. Both countries were restricted from formerly negotiating a trade pact while the U.K. was part of the European Union (EU). However, unbeknownst to many, the U.S. and the U.K. held informal talks for some time prior to Brexit so that a structure would be ready when the time came.

Former President Trump was very much in favor of a deal with the U.K., even though conceptually he did not like bilateral trade agreements. Part of this was his affinity for U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson and some antipathy for EU leaders. President Biden is also expected to pursue a trade deal with the U.K.

While the U.K. may still iron out a post-Brexit trade deal with the EU, it also needs trade deals with large markets such as the U.S. and Japan. The U.K. has also engaged in negotiations with other countries outside of the EU, including Switzerland, Iceland, Norway, South Korea, and Turkey.

The United States is the U.K.’s largest trading partner by individual country and the top destination for U.K. goods. On the other hand, there are certain U.S. sectors that would like to see greater access to the U.K. market. Bilateral trade between the U.S. and the U.K. reached an all-time high in 2019 but declined in 2020, largely due to the pandemic.

Areas of Interest for US Exporters

Negotiating a deal will be difficult. These are examples of a few of the issues that will need to be overcome:

  • Health care: Currently, U.S. healthcare providers are basically shut out of the U.K. market due to its socialistic National Health Service (NHS) system. It’s a market the U.S. healthcare sector would like to expand into. An agreement would be politically difficult in the U.K.  
  • Agriculture: U.S. agricultural and food providers would also like greater access to the U.K. market. However, it is not clear whether the U.K. will continue some of the strict phytosanitary rules that banned U.S meats with hormones and genetically engineered plants when the U.K. was part of the EU.

Smaller Deals Likely Before a Big Deal

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