In his classic 1998 book, Spinning Wheels, Frederick M. Hess explains the logic that animates much of the nation’s education system:
Superintendents are faced with a dilemma. They can assume the role of manager and concentrate on refining specific initiatives; this enhances the likelihood of bringing about significant change but is politically dangerous. Or they can assume the role of reformer, initiating a great deal of activity and letting others worry about the results; this puts them in a position to take credit for successes — even while making significant change unlikely.
For more on this article, click here.